Under EU legislation, companies are only allowed to use the following claims regarding the absence or reduced presence of gluten in food: 'gluten-free' and 'very low gluten'; this is providing they meet the relevant compositional requirements. 'Gluten-free' and 'very low gluten' claims are allowed to be made where the food, as sold to the final consumer, contains no more than 20mg/kg and 100mg/kg of gluten respectively. These claims may be accompanies by the statements 'suitable for people intolerant to gluten' or 'suitable for coeliacs'. [Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 828/2014]

Following discussions with the EU Commission and other Member States, it has been confirmed by the Food Standards Agency (fsa) and Food Standards Scotland (FSS) that the information provided to consumers about gluten must be confined to only that as a prescribed by Regulation (EU) No 828/2014. Therefore, as of 20 July 2016, the phrase 'no gluten-containing ingredients' or other similar statements are no longer permitted on the label of prepacked foods.

The 'gluten-free' claim in the European Union is harmonised with that at international level in the Codex standard. [CODEX STAN 118 - 1979]

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Last reviewed: 19 Apr 2018