Bisphenol A (BPA)

FDF and the food industry continue to monitor scientific work going on around the world to assess the safety of minute amounts of bisphenol A (BPA).

The Food and Drink Federation (FDF) welcomes the opinion of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) on BPA (published on 21 January 2015), which concludes that it poses no health risk to consumers of any age group at current exposure levels.

EFSA's confirmation of BPA's continued safe use should be the basis for regulatory decisions and we urge the European Commission and Member States to ensure that national measures are based on science.

Although the t-TDI (temporary Tolerable Daily Intake) has been reduced, as a result of a more refined assessment methodology, current exposure is still considerably below the t-TDI.

FDF and the food industry remain committed to the safety of food products and strongly support science-based risk assessment and proportionate management by regulators.

The levels of BPA found in food from food contact materials are not considered to be a concern to health by Regulatory authorities throughout the world. In case scientific evidence were to link minute amounts of BPA with adverse effects in humans, then the food industry would take appropriate action.

Food companies rely on proportionate legislation based on science and applicable throughout the European single market to make decisions about their products and businesses.


Bisphenol A (BPA) Q&A

Last updated 30 Jan 2015

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Is BPA safe?

The safety of BPA has been extensively tested; it is believed to be one of the most thoroughly tested chemicals. It has been used for over 40 years and its safety in use has been confirmed by a number of Regulatory authorities throughout the world.

In 2006, a Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 0.5 mg / kg was established by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This included a standard safety factor of 100, meaning exposures 100 times higher would still be safe. The migration of chemicals from packaging to food is very closely monitored and regulated and dietary exposure to BPA is estimated to be well below the TDI.

EFSA again confirmed the safety of BPA in 2008 and 2010, concluding that no new evidence could be identified which would lead to a revision of TDI. Following a minority opinion that some recent studies point to uncertainties regarding adverse health effects below the level used to determine the current TDI, the EU, acting under the precautionary principle, banned the manufacture of baby bottles containing BPA from 1 May 2011.

As recently as September 2012, Health Canada issued an updated exposure assessment on BPA, which concludes that “current dietary exposure to BPA through food packaging uses is not expected to pose a health risk to the general population, including newborns and young children”. On 6 June 2013, the US FDA issued a statement on their website confirming the safety of BPA.

Most recently on 21 January, EFSA published a further opinion on BPA, which concluded that it poses no health risk to consumers of any age group at current exposure levels. Although the t-TDI (temporary Tolerable Daily Intake) has been reduced, as a result of a more refined assessment methodology, current exposure is still considerably below the t-TDI.

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Last reviewed: 02 Aug 2016