FDF fully supports the provision of nutrition labelling. UK food and drink
manufacturers have long recognised the importance of providing consumers with
on-pack nutrition information as a powerful tool for helping them make
better-informed choices and improving their overall food literacy.
FDF members have voluntarily provided detailed nutrition information on the back
of packs for many years, usually including per 100g, per portion and % GDA
information. In addition, many FDF members have voluntarily provided simple,
at-a-glance nutrition information on the front of packs in response to consumer
This has focused on the five key nutrients of most interest to UK consumers:
energy, fat, saturated fat, sugars and salt. FDF’s position on front of pack labelling can be viewed here.
FDF welcomed Regulation (EU) 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to
consumers allows for this information to continue to be provided on a voluntary
basis although GDAs has been renamed Reference Intake or RIs.
Nutrition labelling was harmonised at EU level under the Nutrition Labelling
Directive 90/496/EC. This Directive was repealed on 13 December 2014 by
(EU) 1169/2011 on the provision of food information to consumers (FIC) which
entered into force December 2011.
The EU FIC makes it mandatory to provide nutrition information back of pack,
whereas previously nutrition information was provided on a voluntary basis
nutrition claim was made. The EU FIC details the nutrients and order these
should be presented in – energy (both in kJ and kcals) and the amounts of fat,
saturates, carbohydrates, sugars, protein and salt. Nutrition information has
given per 100g/ml and can additionally be given per portion or per consumption
unit and as % RI (formerly known as GDAs) for which there are now EU values.
Information on other nutrients can also be provided on a voluntary basis, as
they are listed within the Regulation. Information on vitamins and minerals can
only be given if they are listed in the Regulation, if the food product has at
significant amount of the Nutrient Reference Value (NRV) present (generally at
least 15% for food, 7.5% for beverages) and if the %RI or %NRV present in the
The EU FIC also allows companies to repeat some of the nutrition information on
the front of pack, energy alone or energy together with the amounts of fat,
saturates, sugars and salt. FDF’s policy on front of pack nutrition can be viewed here. In addition the EU FIC allows for additional forms of expression and, in July
2013, the UK government announced details of a voluntary “hybrid” label which
combines % RI with red, amber and green colour coding.
Companies who already provided nutrition information were required to comply
with the new EU FIC rules for nutrition labelling by 13 December 2014 whereas
companies that did do not previously provide nutrition labelling had until 13
December 2016 to comply.
Last reviewed: 07 Mar 2017