A challenging business environment is holding back vital investment for the UK economy

21 June 2023

Expected longer-term market volatility is impacting investment by the UK’s food and drink manufacturers, according to the Food and Drink Federation’s (FDF) latest State of Industry report for Q1 2023.


In recent years, there has been unprecedented disruption across the supply chain following the quick succession of three structural shocks – Brexit, a global pandemic and the war in Ukraine – which has disproportionately impacted food. This has led to substantial upward pressures on all cost elements of the industry, from ingredients, labour and packaging to energy, transport and logistics.

Faced with these cost rises, food and drink manufacturers have used a variety of ways to shield consumers from the full impact of these increases, compared with the other industries and parts of the food chain, including reducing production and freezing recruitment.

The State of Industry report reveals this approach means vital infrastructure and innovation projects are being halted or postponed, which is likely to have a negative impact on long-term productivity and jobs for the wider economy.

FDF Director for Growth Balwinder Dhoot said:

“Because of high-cost pressures and a challenging regulatory environment, many food manufacturers have had to cancel or pause investment projects over the last year as they absorb as much of the soaring costs as possible, to avoid passing them on to struggling households during the cost-of-living crisis.

“The industry’s significant labour shortages are forcing some companies to restructure their businesses, leave vacancies unfilled and reduce production – all of which contributes to rising wage bills and hampers growth, which is vital for a strong economy.

“Building a sustainable and resilient food supply chain which supports the economy requires sustained investment to drive technological advancements and innovation. If the Government can create a stable and positive business environment, the UK’s largest manufacturing sector, is ready to play its part in driving the productivity growth that our country needs.”

There is also significant uncertainty about the energy prices in the winter, with the futures markets expecting higher rates. Companies also anticipate an average pay increase of 5.4% over the next year. These add further strain to operating costs and contribute to inflationary pressures.

Despite this challenging landscape, the FDF has found business confidence is starting to move in a more positive direction, climbing 17 points in the last period to -30. 84% of respondents expect production levels to maintain or increase over the next year, reflecting a growing belief in the industry's resilience and ability to adapt.

Read the full State of Industry Q1 2023 report here